The concept of chakra originates in Hindu texts, featured in tantric and yogic traditions of Hinduism and Buddhism. Its
name derives from the Sanskrit word for "wheel" or "turning" “Chakra” is a concept referring to wheel-like vortices
which, according to traditional Indian medicine, are believed to exist in the surface of the subtle body of living
beings. The chakras are said to be "force centers" or whorls of energy permeating, from a point on the physical body,
the layers of the subtle bodies in an ever-increasing fan-shaped formation. Rotating vortices of subtle matter, they
are considered the focal points for the reception and transmission of energies. Different systems posit a varying number
of chakras; the most well-known system in the West is that of seven chakras.
Chakras are described as energy centers along the spine located at major branchings of the human nervous system,
beginning at the base of the spinal column and moving upward to the top of the skull, through which pass 3 major energy
channels, Sushumna, Ida and Pingala. Chakras are considered to be a point or nexus of biophysical energy or prana of
the human body. Shumsky asserts that "prana is the basic component of your subtle body, your energy field, and the
entire chakra system...the key to life and source of energy in the universe."
called 'One's own abode' is the second primary chakra according to Hindu Tantrism.
||Swadhisthana chakra is shown as having six petals, bearing the Sanskrit letters
ba, bha, ma, ya, ra, and la.
The seed sound in the centre is vam. The tattwa for the element of Water is shown as a silver
Swadhisthana is positioned at the tailbone, two finger-widths above Muladhara. It has six petals which match the
vrittis of affection, pitilessness, feeling of all-destructiveness, delusion, disdain and suspicion. Its corresponding
point in the front of the body (i.e. its kshetram) is at the pubic bone.
Swadhisthana is described as a black lotus, with 6 vermillion coloured petals. Inside of this lotus is a white crescent
moon, formed by two different sized inner circles, one inside of the other. The crescent moon is the water region,
whose deity is Varuna, white in colour, four-armed, holding a noose and seated on a crocodile. The two inner circles
also have petals, the larger one has 8 outward facing petals, and the smaller one has 8 inward facing petals.
The seed mantra, located in the innermost circle, is a moon-white Vam. Within the bindu, or dot, above the mantra is
the deity Vishnu. He is shining dark blue, wearing a yellow dhoti, and holds a conch, a mace, a wheel and a lotus. He
wears the shriwatsa mark, and the koustabha gem, and is seated either on a pink lotus, or on the divine eagle Garuda.
His Shakti is the goddess Rakini (or Chakini). She is dark black, dressed in a red or white sari, seated on a red
lotus, and she is either one faced and two armed, holding a sword and a shield, or two faced and 4 armed, holding
either a trident, lotus, drum and vajra, or an arrow, skull, drum and axe.
The 6 petals are vermillion, and have the following syllables written on them in the colour of lightning; bam, bham,
mam, yam, ram
. They represent the vrittis of affection, pitilessness, feeling of
disdain and suspicion.
Swadhisthana is associated with the unconscious, and with emotion. It is closely related to Muladhara in that
Swadhisthana is where the different samskaras (potential karmas), lie dormant, and Muladhara is where these samskaras
find expression. It is associated with the element of water, the sense of taste, and the action of reproduction.
Swadhisthana contains unconscious desires, especially sexual desire, and it is said that to raise the kundalini
shakti (energy of consciousness) above Swadhisthana is extremely difficult for this reason. Many saints have had to
face the sexual temptations associated with this chakra.
Through meditation on Swadhisthana, the following siddhis or occult powers are said to be obtained. One is freed from
all his enemies, and becomes a lord among yogis. His words flow like nectar in well-reasoned discourse. One gains loss
of fear of water, awareness of astral entities, and the ability to taste anything desired for oneself or others.
Association with the body
The location of Svadhisthana is just in front of the spine, in the sacral region, and its kshetram or activation point
is in the pubic region. Being connected with the sense of taste, it is associated with the tongue, and being connected
with reproduction, it is associated with the genitals.
It is often associated with the endocrine organs of the testes or ovaries in men and women respectively. These produce
the hormones testosterone or estrogen, which are important factors in sexual behavior. These are also the locations the
spermatoza or eggs are stored with their latent genetic information, like the latent samskaras that lie dormant within